Joint pain and Obesity are, for obvious reasons, related to each other. Abnormal weight gain puts excess pressure on the joints especially the joints that bear excess body weight and causes the cartilage to breakdown. Hence knees, lower back and hips undergo damage caused by obesity as they bear the entire weight of the body while standing and walking. Also, if a patient already suffers from joint pain, putting on weight would only damage the already affected joints even more.
Body fat doesn’t only add weight on the joints, it also releases chemicals that deteriorate the condition. These chemicals are grouped as cytokines and adipokines. Cytokines affect joints and the musculoskeletal & cardiovascular systems in the body while adipokines cause inflammation.
Overweight or obese patients also are at risk of developing gout. Gout is caused when there is an excess or uric acid in the body and this promotes formation of uric acid crystals in the joints that lead to severe joint pain.
Hence, it is imperative that overweight or obese patients undergo treatment and lifestyle changes to curb joint pain and to lower the risk of further complex conditions like osteoarthritis.
Most patients can begin with reducing the size of food portions or consuming a healthy and nourishing diet in small portions, exercising or increasing the amount of physical activities on a regular basis to burn more calories.
For the patients who are not able to reduce weight despite making healthy amendments, one or a combination of the most trusted bariatric surgeries like Laproscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy, Roux – en – Y Gastric Bypass, Mini Gastric Bypass etc. can prove to be extremely useful for long term positive results. Significant weight loss ameliorates the pain in joints and also halts progression of further joint destruction.