Blood Pressure is defined as the arterial pressure of the blood circulating in the body. The cardiac output, the peripheral resistance, and the arterial stiffness together influence the blood pressure in the body.
Blood Pressure is classified as
Modifications to lifestyle – It is imperative that the patients consume the nutritious diet, quit smoking cigarettes and/or quit alcohol consumption and exercise regularly to manage body weight/ bring about weight loss to reduce high blood pressure. High levels of arterial pressure put stress on the arterial walls. This intensifies heart workload and brings about atheroma (unhealthy tissue growth) in the walls of the arteries. Medication – Oral medication may be prescribed.
Surgery-Bariatric surgery may be recommended to the patients suffering from morbid obesity i.e. BMI > 32.5 with hypertension. Literature shows complete resolution of hypertension in 65% of patients after the bariatric procedure.
Persistently elevated blood pressure is a risk factor for atherosclerosis and its clinical manifestations. Hypertension is an independent predisposing factor for the heart failure, coronary artery disease, stroke, renal disease and peripheral vascular disease.
After bariatric surgery, the medications may stop or decrease other significant weight loss, which is usually at 2 – 3 months after the procedure. More importantly, it leads to a drastic reduction in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.
Dr. Nikhil Agnihotri, Bariatric Surgeon in New Delhi provides treatment for High Blood Pressure/Hypertension treatment with bariatric surgery for patients suffering from morbid obesity in Delhi, India.