Haven't you observed that 90% of the people suffering from type 2 diabetes are actually fat? You might have dismissed your concerns as mere thoughts. But here's a true fact. Yes, obesity and type 2 diabetes go hand in hand. Before going into the details of how obesity and type 2 diabetes is linked, let us first find out what exactly is type2 diabetes.
A person is diagnosed with type2 diabetes when the body does not use insulin as per the requirement. Insulin is a hormone which is produced by the pancreas to help shift sugar into the cells. In obesity although insulin production is normal, the body develops a resistance to insulin which in turn causes the blood sugar level to increase drastically. The excess sugar level in the blood makes it hard for the cells to get sufficient sugar they need. Ultimately when the sugar levels in the blood become too high, nerves and blood vessels of the heart, kidney, feet, eyes etc. gets damaged. Such a condition calls for regular monitoring of blood sugar levels through various treatment procedures and diets. Type 2 diabetes can lead to various other conditions like heart diseases, diabetic foot, blindness and kidney failure.
The fact is that excess visceral fat in the body makes it respond less to insulin, also called insulin resistance. The glucose level in the bloodstream soars up. Well, to be more precise insulin is not very effective in obese people. In fact, you can say that obesity is one such factor that predicts type 2 diabetes. If your BMI is above 30, then you are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. By the age of 25, the risk of succumbing to the condition increases three fold.
Obesity can also lead to type 2 diabetes indirectly. The best example of the mentioned is definitely sleep. Sleep is much important for the body and is responsible for facilitating the vital functions of the body, which includes insulin regulation as well. Issues in sleep such as sleep apnea are seen more in obese and overweight people because obesity and abdominal fat are the major factors that lead to the condition. The excess fat present in the pharynx can hinder the airways causing sleeping issues., which in turn increases the risk of type 2 diabetes.
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